Schizophrenia its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and tips to avoid it

 


Schizophrenia Meaning


Schizophrenia is a serious health condition that affects a person's familiarity with the way he thinks, talks, feels and acts. A person experiencing schizophrenia finds difficulty in imagining the connection with reality. Major misconceptions among people, confusing schizophrenia with different personality disorders or split personality.

Although schizophrenia affects men and women equally, the disease usually occurs earlier in men, usually in their teens or early twenties; women are most likely to be affected in their twenties to early thirties.


Types of Schizophrenia

With regard to symptoms and behavior, schizophrenia can be classified into the following 5 types.

Paranoid schizophrenia: 

The most common stage of schizophrenia is paranoid schizophrenia. In this genre, each person allows himself to lose contact with the real world by fighting intense fear and anxiety.


Hebephrenic Schizophrenia:

Disorganized schizophrenia is the other name of this type. In this, individuals encounter illogical thinking. Their actions are highly triggered by various surrounding factors.


Catatonic Schizophrenia:

It is a rare form of schizophrenia where a person experiences a group of symptoms, which influence and develop schizophrenia. The main sign is Stupor - there is no response and movement in the human body and mind.


Undifferentiated Schizophrenia:

A  person suffering may not be able to fit in a specific category.  It shows both +ve and -Ve symptoms over the period of time.

Residual Schizophrenia:

In this type, a person develops a long -ve symptoms history which include difficulty in speaking as well as loss of interest in daily activities.

Symptoms of schizophrenia:

  1. Over Thinking
  2. Hallucinations
  3. Difficulty in speech
  4. False notions
  5. Negative thoughts
  6. Stupor- No response in person’s body and mind
  7. Sadness
  8. Difficulty in feeling happiness
  9. Waxy flexibility- A suffering person will not be able to move its body part until some other person moves it

Schizophrenia Causes:

The exact cause of schizophrenia is not fully understood. But according to researchers, some of the factors that may contribute to schizophrenia are:


Environmental factor:

Experts suggest that including factors such as depression there are a few other factors that can develop schizophrenia such as low levels of oxygen at birth, loss of parents, and high anger.


Chemical imbalance:

Experts say that abnormalities in the chemicals of the brain might also increase the risk of developing schizophrenia.

Substance abuse:

Drugs such as LSD, weed, marijuana, and alcohol can also make a person schizophrenic, as there are high chances of symptoms of hallucination, abnormal emotions, and disorganized thinking.

Genetic:

Genetics plays a vital role in schizophrenia. There are 50% more chances of suffering from schizophrenia, if a person is twin.


Treatment of Schizophrenia:

Antipsychotics:

In the past and today people with schizophrenia and who want to treat it will be given a (non-) healthy dose of antidepressant drugs to treat the problem. Doctors know that drugs do a lot of damage over time but with that in mind, a recent study showed that up to 75% of patients given antipsychotics were found to be doing better after 6 months of use.

Psychotherapy:

As a way to help treat the symptoms of schizophrenia, psychotherapy has been developed and offers really good solutions. Through this process, behavioral therapy is done to help patients deal with all the symptoms of the disease and eventually train them to be better. Both psychiatric and family therapies are the most popular forms of psychotherapy available for people with schizophrenia. Recent studies have clearly shown that psychiatric treatment can significantly reduce the frequency of schizophrenia among patients by up to 25%.

Schizophrenia test

The Schizophrenia test helps identify people who may have Schizophrenia. It is common for people without symptoms of schizophrenia to be diagnosed from early detection and treatment, as any disease is always beneficial. Testing is also important for people with a family history of Schizophrenia as this group of people has a higher chance of developing this mental disorder.


Tests are usually done by visiting a psychotherapist. The psychotherapist will ask several questions and the patient will need to answer honestly. Some of the most frequently asked questions are:


1. Can you see, hear and touch things or people that no one else can have?

2. Can you hear the words that speak to you?

3. Do you prefer to be alone?

4. Do you feel that people around you are always watching you?

5. Do you feel that someone is trying to poison you or hurt you?

6. Do you feel an external force trying to control you?

7. How long have you been feeling like that?

8. Have there been major changes, events or accidents in your life lately?


In addition to asking the patient, the psychiatrist may make a list of questions with family members, friends and loved ones. The psychiatrist will then record all the responses and perform an analysis to determine if the person has Schizophrenia.


Tips to lessen the risk of Schizophrenia in childrens

Extending love and support to children: 

If there is a family history of schizophrenia, children living in such families should be treated with the utmost love and care. Any conflict, mental, physical and emotional abuse should be avoided at all costs. Such abusive behavior by parents and adults may cause symptoms of schizophrenia in them.

Forging friendly relationship with kids:

Friendly relationships with children and helping them make friends outside can prevent them from feeling alone. It will improve their self-esteem and prevent the development of symptoms of schizophrenia. This is especially true of young ones in the family.

Keeping kids occupied:

Children should be encouraged to get more involved in activities, such as arts and crafts, sports, music, or other activities. Getting involved will help them improve their mental and emotional quotes.

Teaching them to manage stress:

Giving children lessons on how to manage stress will go a long way. Coping with stress can really help keep schizophrenia away. These learned skills will keep them in good shape later in life.

Nurturing their physical health: 

From choosing healthy nutritious foods to promoting adequate exercise, and promoting good physical health in children will serve as a barrier to the onset of schizophrenia. They should be protected and protected from getting any head injuries.

Giving them foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids:

Researchers have found that omega-3 fatty acids, or fish oil, may reduce the risk of dementia. Children should be given enough fish such as salmon, tuna, herrings and mackerel as they are rich in omega-3 fatty acids. Vegetarians can try flax seeds which are a good source of omega-3 fatty acids.

 

Conclusion


Ignoring the symptoms of schizophrenia and leaving it untreated can lead to serious complications. Mental disorders that affect a person's behavior and feelings and thoughts. The schizophrenic loses contact with facts.


Schizophrenia runs in the genes, but it is not necessary for everyone in the family of the person affected to get the disease. It only increases the chances of its occurrence. About 85 percent of people with schizophrenia do not have schizophrenia, although they do have family history, and some do not even have family history.


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