Hemorrhoids : Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention


What are Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids which is also known as Piles, are swollen veins in the internal or external part of anus. Hemorrhoids are very painful but they can be treated easily. Internal hemorrhoids develop within the anus or rectum. External hemorrhoids develop outer side of anus. As compared to internal hemorrhoids, external hemorrhoids are very much common and more painful. Hemorrhoids are very painful, causes severe itching and also causes difficulty while sitting.

Symptoms of Hemorrhoids

  1. Irritation and pain with in the anus.
  2. Extreme itching.
  3. Swelling/  painful lumps around anus.
  4. painful stools.
  5. Blood while bowel movements.
Hemorrhoids are not life threatening and they can be treated by self-medications easily.

What causes Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids happens when there is a lot pressure on the veins around your anus.

Some factors include:

  1. Family History
  2. Constipation
  3. Sitting long time on toilet.

Some Risky factors

  1. Hemorrhoids can be transfer from parents to child genetically.
  2. Hemorrhoids develop if you faces strain during bowel movement or while diarrhea or constipation.
  3. Anal sexual intercourse can also cause Hemorrhoids.
  4. In some cases, hemorrhoids can be developed while your pregnancy because of pressure on the vein in colon due to uterus enlargement.


Hemorrhoids can be treated at home or some time doctor's clinic.

Pain Relief

Soak in warm water tub for at least 10 minutes everyday.

Have more Fiber

While you have constipation, you must use more fiber in your diet to smoothen your stool. The best fiber supplement is 'Psyllium'.

Some home remedies

  1. Aloe Vera 
  2. Hot water bath with salt
  3. Stool smoothing
  4. Ointment
  5. Loose cotton cloth


  1. To prevent hemorrhoids, increase your water intake. Having enough water will prevent your stool from hardening.
  2. Never avoid nature's call, whenever you feel to have stool. Avoid straining while having stool.
  3. Exercise regularly to prevent constipation.
  4. Avoid long sitting on hard surfaces like tiles or concrete.
  5. Eat food that are rich in dietary fiber.

Some foods that are rich in dietary fiber 

  1. Whole wheat
  2. Brown rice
  3. Oatmeal
  4. Ragi
  5. Orange carrot
  6. Black gram
  7. Bottle guard


Bleeding while passing stools is very common when you have a tear in the lining of the anus. Anal fissures and hemorrhoids are very much common when it comes on symptoms. Anal fissures can be easily treated and can be prevented naturally.

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